Quality assurance extends throughout all functions in Vitalograph for greater company efficiency and improvement of product and customer service. We have implemented all relevant Clinical, Data, Management, Training, Distribution and Service Standards.
International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) GCP guidelines provide internationally accepted ethical and scientific guidance covering the design, conduct, records and reporting of Clinical Trials to ensure these ensure the safety of Patients, the integrity of Trial data and that the conduct of Trials is carried out in conformance to Good Clinical Practice. Vitalograph operate in full compliance with this.
ISO/IEC 27001 Provides a framework for managing the security of customer, company and personal data. ISO/IEC 27001 is one of the information security frameworks we reference in creating our ISMS. Other frameworks include: NIST, COBIT and GAMP IT Infrastructure Control and Compliance. Vitalograph is in the final stages of its ISMS implementation, with full alignment to ISO/IEC 27001 planned during 2019.
The main Vitalograph manufacturing facility is located in Ennis, Ireland. Quality assurance extends throughout all functions at Vitalograph for greater company efficiency and improvement of product and customer service.
ISO 13485 specifies requirements for quality management systems in order to achieve regulatory compliance in the medical devices industries. The requirements given in this standard are applicable to the design, development, production, installation and servicing of medical devices of all kinds. It describes concepts and methods that can be considered by organisations which are establishing and maintaining quality management systems.
Medical devices have special requirements over and above consumer products for safety and efficiency; these are covered in this standard to ensure full product reliability and traceability, starting with the design process through to their use on patients. Vitalograph have been certified to conform to this standard and its predecessors for over 35 years.
Vitalograph fully complies with the international standard IEC 62304 medical device software standard which has been harmonized by the European Union and the United States. This standard is a requirement for the development and maintenance of medical device software which includes software used on a mobile device such as a Smartphone and also applies to software intended as a standalone medical device and within medical devices.
It is intended to cover the whole software lifecycle, from initial specification, safety classification, software development process, development process documentation, software maintenance, software risk management, configuration management and the software problem resolution process. The software element is a component of ISO 14971 process for medical devices risk management.
The Food and Drug Administration has provided guidance and standards to manufacturers supplying medical product and devices to the USA since the 1970s; Vitalograph is registered and regularly inspected on the application of these.
The introduction of new medical devices onto the US market requires submission to the FDA of full documentation on the safety and efficacy of any new products - this is incorporated into the design stage of all Vitalograph products to ensure full compliance with the legal requirements.
The European Community recognised the need for harmonized standards on Medical device safety, and published the Medical Device Directives in 1995, laying down essential requirements for product safety, with guidelines for ensuring safety even when no particular standards existed. These are obligatory for all products placed on the market after June 1998. All Vitalograph medical devices and software have been CE marked since January 1996.
Our notified body is BSI (0086). The new European Medical Devices Regulation (MDR) was published in May 2016. It will replace the Medical Devices Directive (93/42/EEC) in 2019 after a 3-year transition period. Vitalograph is working with the notified body to update all technical documentation and processes to meet the new requirements of the MDR.
Vitalograph are in the process of a series of audits which will culminate in participation in the Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP) by the end of 2018. MDSAP enables Vitalograph as a medical device manufacturer to have a single audit of our QMS certify for compliance with the standards and regulatory requirements of several participating regulatory jurisdictions. Auditing organizations are authorized by the participating regulatory authorities of five countries, namely Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan and the United States to conduct audits under MDSAP.
The Japan Pharmaceutical Affairs Law (JPAL) is a quality management system and GMP requirements similar to ISO 13485 with the additional provisions applied Mutatis Mutandis. Specifically Vitalograph medical devices and software comply with Japanese MHLW Ministerial Ordinance No. 169, standards for Manufacturing Control and Quality Control for Medical Devices (and In-Vitro Diagnostic Reagents). This requires leadership, commitment and active involvement from our top management.
This International standard is in a number of parts, covering electrical safety, RFI/EMC, and other safety aspects of electrical products. Vitalograph Products have been certified to conform to the appropriate parts since their inception in the late 1970s, providing a clear assurance of safety in line with the essential requirements.
Section three of this standard covers human powered suction equipment, and was produced to ensure effective performance of these devices in emergency use; Vitalograph were pleased to participate in this standard, and the Emergency Aspirator fully conforms to these requirements.
ISO 10651-4 specifies requirements for operator-powered resuscitators intended for use with all age groups and which are portable and intended to provide lung ventilation to individuals whose breathing is inadequate. Operator-powered resuscitators for infants and children are designated according to body mass range and approximate age equivalent.
ISO 10651-4 is not applicable to electrically- and gas-powered resuscitators. The predecessor to ISO 10651-4, ISO 8382 also covered operator powered resuscitators, providing guidance on their performance and safety; Vitalograph was pleased to participate in this standard, and the Resuscitators supplied by Vitalograph conformed to this standard until it was replaced by ISO 10651-4. Vitalograph Resuscitator fully complies with this new standard.
This performance and safety standard specifies requirements for spirometers intended for the assessment of pulmonary function in humans. This includes the measurement timed forced expired volumes, either as part of an integrated lung function device or as a stand-alone device. It applies to all spirometers regardless of the measurement method: flow-sensing, volume displacement and any other methods.
This performance and safety standard addresses the discrepancy in readings obtained from peak flow meters and spirometers, together with issues caused by the peak flow meters with the Wright's scale, which is non-linear. The standard requires testing for accuracy, reproducibility and frequency response. A meter with poor frequency response will result in errors leading to potential issues diagnosing and monitoring lung conditions. The standard also requires the meters to be checked for accuracy on a routine basis, as recommended by the manufacturer.
This performance and safety standard relates to medical electrical equipment. Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of electrocardiographic monitoring equipment. Vitalograph manufactures ECG devices and software in conformance to this standard.
Audiometers are electronic instruments intended for the testing of human hearing. These performance and safety standards relate to specifications and tolerances for audiometric measurement equipment for audiometry testing. Vitalograph provides devices and software in conformance to these standards.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) operates the Coal Workers’ Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) which provides respiratory health screening and surveillance to U.S. coal miners. Under this program, coal miners are entitled to respiratory health screening via questionnaires, chest radiography, and spirometry upon entry into the coal mining workforce and then periodically throughout their careers.
NIOSH approved CWHSP medical facilities providing respiratory health screening for miners must use spirometers that meet specific NIOSH requirements regarding the output data and content of spirometry test reports. Vitalograph Pneumotrac Spirotrac and Vitalograph COMPACT Workstation have the report and electronic data transfer file approved.
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) publishes documents which include clinical practice guidelines, policy statements, research statements, technical statements and workshop reports. Many of these are developed collaboratively with other professional societies, such as the ERS. ATS official documents include technical statements which describe how to perform a test or procedure and describe the underlying evidence. For Vitalograph the ATS statements on Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) are particularly relevant.
The American Thoracic Society first produced guidelines for spirometry in 1979, which were last updated with a family of guidelines in 2005 when they jointly published with the ERS (See below). Since 2005 there have been several technical statements in PFT including:
Vitalograph equipment is kept up to date to enable clinicians to meet all these guidelines.
ERS guidelines provide clarity and direction for a number of topics in respiratory medicine with the aim of improving clinical practice. Many are produced in collaboration with other societies to ensure they are wide-reaching and useful to the international respiratory community as a whole. Vitalograph equipment is kept current to enable clinicians to meet or exceed these guidelines.
The European Respiratory Society was commissioned to produce spirometry guidelines and 'normal values' by the European Coal and Steel Community in the 1960s, which developed into a family of guidelines published in 2005 jointly with the ATS:
Since then many guidelines have been published, including:
The ERS also has a number of Ongoing Task Forces including:
The Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) compiled normal lung function equations for several population groups in the age range 2 to 95 years for the key spirometry indices FEV1 and FVC plus their ratio. These closely correlate with NHANES values with the exception of the ratio. Four GLI population groups are published so far, named ‘Caucasians’, ‘SE Asians’, ‘NE Asians’, ‘African Americans’ and a fifth ‘Other’ (to include Asian, Oriental, European, Scandinavian and every other population). Stanojevic S, Wade A, Stocks J, et al. published 'Reference ranges for spirometry across all ages. A new approach’ in Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008; 177: 253–260.
This led to the GLI becoming an ERS task force in 2010 and this task force commenced to develop normal value reference equations for Carbon Monoxide Transfer Factor (TLCO or DLCO). The GLI network administers the lung function data repository securely stored by the ERS. The GLI database is available to researchers to conduct answer research questions. The task force intends to continue to develop new reference values for the measurement of lung volumes. All current Vitalograph lung function measurement devices incorporate the GLI normal values to the latest revision. See http://www.lungfunction.org and also: vitalograph.co.uk/resources/normal-values